J.C. Appel was the refuge Manager at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge from 1909 to 1980. He was a trailblazer in the areas of public use and interpretation. He coined the phrase ‘where people and wildlife meet,’ a slogan much quoted in the service today. He was the first Chief Interpreter for Refuges, where he pushed for monies for refuges through the Land and Water Conservation Fund. He also advocated that fees collected on refuges be used for interpretation and public use programs.