George Bird Grinnell

  • George Bird Grinnell
    George Bird Grinnell
  • George Grinnel (1849-1938) epitomized the sportsman’s role in the early American conservation movement. A hunter of both fossils and big game, Grinnel was better trained than most to note the imminent modern extinctions of wild bison and passenger pigeons in North America. Grinnel became an outspoken advocate for wildlife. As editor of Forest and Stream (1876-1911) he warned his fellow hunters about the dangers posed by ‘game hogs’ and lead shot. In 1886 he founded the Audubon Society of New York ‘for the protection of wild birds and their eggs,’ a forerunner to the modern National Audubon Society. A year later he co-founded the Boone and Crocket Club to bring together other conservation minded hunters, Grinnel also lobbied for the creation of predecessor agencies to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Grinnel’s diverse efforts were united by his belief that a healthy democracy required abundant wildlife.