Lucille Stickel

  • Lucille F. Stickel served as the Director of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center from 1972 to 1981. Starting as a biologist there in 1943, she pioneered research techniques in evaluating the significance of pesticide residue in wildlife animals, as well as the transmission of these residues from animals to and through the food chain. She was instrumental in the banning of Heptachlor, once used to control fire ants, because of its harmful effects on birds. As early as 1945, she was involved in experiments with DDT, and, perhaps most importantly she determined toxicity levels for various pesticides commonly applied on forest, range, and agricultural lands.