NONTOXIC SHOT REGULATIONS FOR HUNTING WATERFOWL AND COOTS IN THE U.S.

October 19, 2001

BACKGROUND

The ban on the use of lead shot for hunting waterfowl was phased-in starting with the 1987-88 hunting season.  The ban became nationwide in 1991. Nontoxic shot regulations apply only to waterfowl, defined as the family Anatidae (ducks, geese, [including brant], and swans) and coots. Nontoxic shot is defined as any shot type that does not cause sickness and death when ingested by migratory birds.

APPROVED SHOT TYPES

Currently, the only shot types that are approved as being nontoxic in the U.S. are:

-  Steel shot

-  Steel shot with coatings of < 1% of either copper, nickel, zinc chromate, or zinc chloride

-  Bismuth-tin

-  Tungsten-iron

-  Tungsten-polymer

-  Tungsten-matrix

-  Tungsten-nickel-iron

EXPIRATION OF TIN SHOT APPROVAL

Tin shot is no longer legal for hunting waterfowl and coots in the U.S.  Tin shot was granted temporary approval for the 2000/01 hunting season only.  This temporary approval expired at the end of the 2000/01 hunting season.  Therefore, tin shot is not legal for hunting waterfowl and coots during the 2001/02 season.