Livingston Stone was one of America’s greatest fish culture pioneers, and an early advocate in establishing the Federal Fish and Culture program. He was a founder of the American Fisheries Society, and its first secretary. In 1872, Stone was named U.S. Deputy Fish Commissioner and was assigned to establish the Baird Hatchery in California. He published the classic fish culture book ‘Domesticated Trout’ that year, and it soon became a standard manual for fish culture. Stone was responsible for the use of fish cars, a transport method used for decades. He recognized quite early in his career the interaction between biological science and fish culture, and was the first to recommend and request a trained biologist for hatchery staff.